Global Biodiversity Information Facility Backbone Taxonomy

ID:
11
Home:
https://www.gbif.org/dataset/d7dddbf4-2cf0-4f39-9b2a-bb099caae36c
Updated On:
2021-12-09
Records #:
6957235
Description:
<p>The GBIF Backbone Taxonomy is a single, synthetic management classification with the goal of covering all names GBIF is dealing with. It&#39;s the taxonomic backbone that allows GBIF to integrate name based information from different resources, no matter if these are occurrence datasets, species pages, names from nomenclators or external sources like EOL, Genbank or IUCN. This backbone allows taxonomic search, browse and reporting operations across all those resources in a consistent way and to provide means to crosswalk names from one source to another.</p><p>It is updated regulary through an automated process in which the Catalogue of Life acts as a starting point also providing the complete higher classification above families. Additional scientific names only found in other authoritative nomenclatural and taxonomic datasets are then merged into the tree, thus extending the original catalogue and broadening the backbones name coverage. The GBIF Backbone taxonomy also includes identifiers for Operational Taxonomic Units (OTUs) drawn from the barcoding resources iBOL and UNITE.</p><p>International Barcode of Life project (iBOL), Barcode Index Numbers (BINs). BINs are connected to a taxon name and its classification by taking into account all names applied to the BIN and picking names with at least 80% consensus. If there is no consensus of name at the species level, the selection process is repeated moving up the major Linnaean ranks until consensus is achieved.</p><p>UNITE - Unified system for the DNA based fungal species, Species Hypotheses (SHs). SHs are connected to a taxon name and its classification based on the determination of the RefS (reference sequence) if present or the RepS (representative sequence). In the latter case, if there is no match in the UNITE taxonomy, the lowest rank with 100% consensus within the SH will be used.</p><p>The GBIF Backbone Taxonomy is available for download at http://rs.gbif.org/datasets/backbone/ in different formats together with an archive of all previous versions.</p><p> The following 100 sources have been used to assemble the GBIF backbone with number of names given in brackets: </p><ul><li>Catalogue of Life Checklist - 3929903 names</li><li>International Barcode of Life project (iBOL) Barcode Index Numbers (BINs) - 563055 names</li><li>Systema Dipterorum - 251578 names</li><li>The World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP) - 238456 names</li><li>World Register of Marine Species - 226242 names</li><li>The Paleobiology Database - 212089 names</li><li>The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera - 208837 names</li><li>UNITE - Unified system for the DNA based fungal species linked to the classification - 185442 names</li><li>GBIF Backbone Taxonomy - 117769 names</li><li>TAXREF - 113675 names</li><li>The Leipzig catalogue of vascular plants - 109757 names</li><li>Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) - 74694 names</li><li>The Plant List with literature - 69795 names</li><li>Plazi.org taxonomic treatments database - 63427 names</li><li>ZooBank - 63210 names</li><li>International Plant Names Index - 51711 names</li><li>Fauna Europaea - 45957 names</li><li>Genome Taxonomy Database - 45849 names</li><li>Artsnavnebasen - 38162 names</li><li>The National Checklist of Taiwan (Catalogue of Life in Taiwan, TaiCoL) - 36920 names</li><li>Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas - 35512 names</li><li>United Kingdom Species Inventory (UKSI) - 30536 names</li><li>The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species - 24372 names</li><li>Fauna Europaea - Lepidoptera - 22878 names</li><li>Afromoths, online database of Afrotropical moth species (Lepidoptera) - 20227 names</li><li>Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020 - 16753 names</li><li>Prokaryotic Nomenclature Up-to-Date (PNU) - 10163 names</li><li>Checklist Dutch Species Register - Nederlands Soortenregister - 9575 names</li><li>GRIN Taxonomy - 6444 names</li><li>Taxon list of fungi and fungal-like organisms from Germany compiled by the DGfM - 4649 names</li><li>Catalogue of Afrotropical Bees - 4071 names</li><li>Catalogue of Tenebrionidae (Coleoptera) of North America - 3340 names</li><li>Checklist of Beetles (Coleoptera) of Canada and Alaska. Second Edition. - 3273 names</li><li>Catalogue of the Pterophoroidea of the World - 2809 names</li><li>Taxon list of Hymenoptera from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 2512 names</li><li>The Clements Checklist - 2428 names</li><li>Official Lists and Indexes of Names in Zoology - 1994 names</li><li>Taxon list of vascular plants from Bavaria, Germany compiled in the context of the BFL project - 1973 names</li><li>Database of Vascular Plants of Canada (VASCAN) - 1970 names</li><li>IOC World Bird List, v11.2 - 1902 names</li><li>National checklist of all species occurring in Denmark - 1874 names</li><li>A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos - 1701 names</li><li>Orthoptera Species File - 1696 names</li><li>Taxon list of Jurassic Pisces of the Tethys Palaeo-Environment compiled at the SNSB-JME - 1265 names</li><li>International Cichorieae Network (ICN): Cichorieae Portal - 1184 names</li><li>Backbone Family Classification Patch - 1149 names</li><li>GBIF Algae Classification - 1102 names</li><li>Aphid Species File - 1070 names</li><li>Annotated checklist of endemic species from the Western Balkans - 815 names</li><li>Lygaeoidea Species File - 578 names</li><li>Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia - 497 names</li><li>Catalogue of the Alucitoidea of the World - 472 names</li><li>Taxon list of animals with German names (worldwide) compiled at the SMNS - 471 names</li><li>Psocodea Species File - 446 names</li><li>Mantodea Species File - 397 names</li><li>Taxon list of mosses from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 314 names</li><li>Coreoidea Species File - 285 names</li><li>Taxon list of Auchenorrhyncha from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 226 names</li><li>GBIF Backbone Patch - 225 names</li><li>Cockroach Species File - 224 names</li><li>Phasmida Species File - 192 names</li><li>GTDB supplement - 136 names</li><li>Taxon list of Araneae from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 121 names</li><li>Plecoptera Species File - 119 names</li><li>Dermaptera Species File - 113 names</li><li>Mammal Species of the World - 71 names</li><li>Species Fungorum for CoL&#43; - 68 names</li><li>Taxon list of liverworts from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 68 names</li><li>Taxon list of Sternorrhyncha from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 59 names</li><li>Catalogue of the type specimens of Cosmopterigidae (Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea) from research collections of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences - 43 names</li><li>Grylloblattodea Species File - 43 names</li><li>Species named after famous people - 38 names</li><li>True Fruit Flies (Diptera, Tephritidae) of the Afrotropical Region - 38 names</li><li>Taxon list of Trichoptera from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 34 names</li><li>Taxon list of Diplura from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 30 names</li><li>ICTV Master Species List 2019 v1 - 25 names</li><li>Catalogue of the type specimens of Polycestinae (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) from research collections of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences - 19 names</li><li>Coleorrhyncha Species File - 19 names</li><li>Embioptera Species File - 18 names</li><li>Lista de especies de vertebrados registrados en jurisdicción del Departamento del Huila - 18 names</li><li>Taxon list of Thysanoptera from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 18 names</li><li>Taxon list of Microcoryphia (Archaeognatha) from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 15 names</li><li>Chrysididae Species File - 14 names</li><li>Catalogue of the type specimens of Bufonidae and Megophryidae (Amphibia: Anura) from research collections of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences - 12 names</li><li>Asiloid Flies: new taxa of Diptera: Apioceridae, Asilidae, and Mydidae - 9 names</li><li>Endemic species in Taiwan - 9 names</li><li>Taxon list of Pauropoda from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 9 names</li><li>Taxon list of Pisces and Cyclostoma from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 6 names</li><li>Taxon list of Siphonaptera from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 6 names</li><li>Taxon list of Pteridophyta from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 5 names</li><li>Taxon list of Dermaptera from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 4 names</li><li>Taxon list of Orthoptera (Grashoppers) from Germany compiled at the SNSB - 4 names</li><li>Taxon list of Zygentoma from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 4 names</li><li>Taxon list of Protura from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 3 names</li><li>Taxon list of hornworts from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 2 names</li><li>Mantophasmatodea Species File - 1 names</li><li>Taxon list of Diplopoda from Germany in the context of the GBOL project - 1 names</li><li>Taxon list of Pscoptera from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 1 names</li><li>Taxon list of Pseudoscorpiones from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 1 names</li><li>Taxon list of Raphidioptera from Germany compiled in the context of the GBOL project - 1 names</li></ul>

Version v0.6.5